Male Infertility

Infertility treatments for men in India

Amid the rising infertility issues, medical science has also evolved and come up with the advanced infertility treatments. This has helped thousands of childless couple to have their own babies. Infertility treatments for men depend on the cause of their infertility.

If a couple is trying for pregnancy for one year and not getting success and when in such cases the problem lies in the male body it is termed as male infertility.

That is, No capability of a male to create a pregnancy in a fertile woman is known as male infertility. It is the reason behind almost 50 percent of infertility cases. The problem arises due to semen quality or inadequate semen.

Causes of male infertility

Pre-testicular factors: This can be due to poor general health or poor hormonal support in the body. This refers to a condition that stops adequate support of testes in the male reproductive system.
This factor may arise due to too much of smoking, alcohol or drugs consumption.

  • Hypogonadism due to any reason.
  • Strenuous bicycle or horse riding.
  • Robertsonian translocation, a genetic disorder.
  • Some medications that alter spermatogenesis. This happens due to medicines that reduce FSH level like phenytoin. Anabolic steroids, cimetidine, spironolactone, and chemotherapy can also cause such problem. There are medicines that reduce sperm motility like sulfasalazine and nitrofurantoin.

Testicular factors

This refers to a condition where the hormonal support is adequate but the testes produce low-quality sperm that results in male infertility.

Testicular factors may arise due to various conditions like:

  • Genetic disorder
  • Age
  • Hypospadias
  • Impotence
  • Neoplasm, e.g. seminoma
  • Idiopathic failure
  • Testicular cancer
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Abnormal set of chromosomes
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Defects in USP26 in some cases
  • Acrosomal defects affecting egg penetration
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Ejaculatory duct obstruction
  • Idiopathic oligospermia – unexplained sperm deficiencies account for 30% of male infertility.

What are the tests available to confirm male infertility?

Sperm samples: The most common male infertility testing is sperm samples.
This test examines the number of sperm cells, forward progression, and sperm motility. The terms that are used to label semen deficiencies are:

  • Teratospermia – increased sperms with abnormal morphology.
  • Asthenozoospermia – In this sperm motility reduces.
  • Aspermia- An absolute absence of semen.
  • Oligospermia or **Oligozoospermia – decreased number of spermatozoa in semen.
  • Azoospermia – Semen without sperm cells in it.
  • Hypospermia – reduced seminal volume.

The problem may also comprise a combination of the above-mentioned conditions.

What are the Infertility treatments for men available in India?

There are some conditions which are correctable, available treatments include:
Infections can be treated using antibiotics.
Corrections through surgeries to repair a duct obstruction, reverse a vasectomy and remove a varicocele.
There are medicines available that help in improving sperm productions.

In cases where the reasons behind the male infertility are unknown or untreatable, the doctors often suggest IUI treatment or IVF treatment.

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